What is cloud computing? and why should Governments adopt and use cloud computing? as they’re many benefits for using cloud computing, which I will I will discuss, by stating theories, case study’s and how cloud computing would save governments money. So what is cloud computing, cloud computing is “storing and accessing data and programs over the Internet instead of your computer’s hard drive.[1] (Eric Griffith uk.pcmag.com 2016) which helps if something bad happens to your computer or hardrive, it’s all saved on the cloud.

What is the concept of cloud computing and why is it relevant. “Cloud computing is changing the way computing is undertaken. It provides the ability to access IT resources on demand without the need for significant capital expenditure, thereby lowering the entry barriers for new entrants in multiple sectors. Cloud computing has thus become a platform for innovation. This report presents the concept of cloud computing, the services it provides and deployment models, and thus give a clear overview of what it is and what it is not. It provides an overview of how cloud computing changes the way computing is carried out, and evaluates the impacts of cloud computing (including its benefits and challenges as well as its economic and environmental impacts). Finally, the report discusses the policy issues raised by cloud computing and the role of governments and other stakeholders in addressing these issues”.(oecd-ilibrary.org 2014) This also makes it easier if anything bad happens to your computer it will be all saved due to having a cloud account. Why is the cloud concept very important. “The cloud model leads to basically two different kinds of clouds: private and public. The public clouds are those that offer IT services to any customer over the Internet. Private clouds offer IT services to a predefined group of customers, with access through Internet or private networks. You might have also heard about internal and external clouds. The former are a subgroup of the private clouds, and provide services within the same company or corporate group. The latter may be public or private and provide services to other companies”. (networkworld.com 2010) This way it makes work a lot easier knowing you won’t lose anything if you have a cloud account to backup all your work will be safe and not to worry if their computer isn’t working they could easily send a copy of what they did.

So why is cloud computing a benefit to governments? They’re many different reasons for this, one can be you can work anywhere, “With cloud computing, if you’ve got an internet connection you can be at work. And with most serious cloud services offering mobile apps, you’re not restricted by which device you’ve got to hand [2]. (Salesforce UK 2015) however the only problem to this is if you have no access to the internet, you can’t access this. Secondly is increased collaboration, it helps teams work better as they’re always sharing their work with each other, giving feedback to one another “When your teams can access, edit and share documents anytime, from anywhere, they’re able to do more together, and do it better. Cloud-based workflow and file sharing apps help them make updates in real time and gives them full visibility of their collaborations”.[3] (Salesforce UK 2015) this is useful as people can work from different parts of the worlds, staying connected. Lastly is its capital-expenditure free cloud “computing cuts out the high cost of hardware. You simply pay as you go and enjoy a subscription-based model that’s kind to your cash flow. Add to that the ease of setup and management and suddenly your scary, hairy IT project looks at lot friendlier. It’s never been easier to take the first step to cloud adoption”.

If Governments do decide to embrace cloud computing they will see another reason why so many small businesses embrace cloud computing also, that reason being it saves them money. “Cloud-based services can help you save money on many fronts, including server maintenance, power and cooling costs, and software licensing and upgrade expenses. Just under half—49 percent—of SMBs use Cloud computing to lower costs, Rather than spending money to maintain hardware that often goes unused, subscribing to software and services for a low monthly fee can help small businesses stretch their budgets further. Along with the ability to scale up to meet increased demand, the Cloud also allows you to scale down during slower periods (e.g., remove users or use less storage space), saving your business money.” [4](American Express 2011) So if governments want to save on money, this method is the best way going about it. Another thing business will save on is time, which is important to any business “With servers located off-site and their management left to an experienced provider, Cloud computing allows you to focus on what you do best—running your business. Because resources in the Cloud can be accessed as needed, the time it takes to get started with these services shrinks from days to minutes. For small businesses wanting to stretch their resources and be more competitive, working in the Cloud is becoming a must”.

I am going to use case studies where there are benefits of using cloud computing and how it’s can help businesses or governments. ‘Cloud computing is now evolving like never before, with companies of all shapes and sizes adapting to this new technology. Industry experts believe that this trend will only continue to grow and develop even further in the coming few years. While cloud computing is undoubtedly beneficial for mid-size to large companies, it is not without its downsides, especially for smaller businesses. We now bring you a list of advantages of disadvantages of cloud computing, with a view to helping such establishments fully understand the concept of cloud computing’. I believe this is a benefit for the government because it enables good communication and collaboration, you can share documents instantly. Also the cloud will back up any work done previously, so it will not be lost. It can be used from many devices such as desktop or mobile. ‘As cloud computing hype continues to grow, there is a need to examine the lessons learned by those companies that have adopted cloud computing as part of their IT environment. This special report examines how companies have used cloud computing to drive business value, as well as the lessons learned and best practices developed along the way.